Nail fungus is a problem that can appear very easily. Many people do not even know that these living things live on their nails and cause so-called ringworm.
In short, the fungus in the nail appears when the person wears many closed shoes, socks, tends to bite the nails a lot, and other habits that cushion the nails leaving them wet and hot.
What Causes Nail Fungus?
The fungi that occur in the nails of the hands and feet survive in these places because they begin to devour the keratin of the nails, their main composition.
So, there are many frequent habits or bad luck that make these small living beings, fungi, grow on our nails, causing the famous ringworm. In general, they appear easily and tend to remain for a long time if not treated properly.
Therefore, some groups of people tend to have a problem with nail fungus, in addition to other habits. Are they:
- Biting your nails;
- Wear closed, tight-fitting shoes constantly;
- Synthetic stockings;
- Shared files, nail polish, and manicure or pedicure items;
- People with poor vascularization/blood circulation in the hands and feet;
- Advanced age.
How to identify
The signs of ringworm on the nail are very clear to identify. First, it is possible to notice small changes, such as white or yellowish spots on the nail – depending on the type of fungus, the spots can be brown or blackish – even going through a detachment.
Also, over time, the nail can become rough, with certain ripples and deformations. However, symptoms vary depending on the fungus. For example, Candida can even cause the skin around the nail to become inflamed.
How to prevent and treat nail fungus
There are several treatments for those with nail fungus. In short, the remedies are in the form of creams, ointments, enamels, and oral medications. However, the treatment is not quick and can last 6 to 12 months, as the fungi create a natural protective layer.
Certain precautions prevent ringworm from attacking our hands and feet. These are some of them that are essential in the day to day to avoid having ringworm on the nail:
With these habits, ringworm may not pass near the nails. However, if you do develop ringworm, there are the right treatments for it.
First of all, it is important to consult a dermatologist so that the best treatment is indicated in your case and that your health is not compromised.
Therefore, the treatments for nail fungus are:
- Local remedies: generally they are varnishes (enamels and specific bases for ringworm), creams, and ointments to apply in the region where the fungus is, directly on the nail.
- Oral remedies: Oral pills to treat ringworm, in general, are more recommended for cases where ointment and nail polish treatments do not work. In short, ingestion remedies do not have a very strong effect, since they take time to be absorbed by the body and act against the fungus that is found in the regions where the blood takes time to arrive, which are the hands and feet.
- Laser: when the case is more serious, the laser treatment is carried out with a methylene blue dye applied to the affected nail, then the red laser is passed to heat the region with nail fungus; It can be done from one to three sessions a week, up to three months.
- Home treatment: Copaiba oil is ideal for treating mycoses. Then simply order it, in cream or oil form, through a handling pharmacy, and apply it on the nail fungus.
In addition, it also helps to immerse your hands or feet affected by fungus in 3% hydrogen peroxide in a container of water for 30 minutes. Thus, home treatments reinforce treatments carried out with medications.
Signs that nail fungus has improved
In short, when the ringworm begins to improve, the signs are of improvement in the yellowish or whitish color, in addition to the disappearance of the ripples and peeling. Therefore, it is important to maintain the corrective treatment for as long as your doctor stipulates.